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Design works in ArchiCAD
ArchiCAD – one of the most functional for today of means for the architectural designing, providing to you possibility to be engaged in directly 3D-modelling, transforming concept of CAD: now it not simply electronic panel board is a difficult, powerful, universal tool. The unique technology of Information modelling of buildings ArchiCAD allows you to concentrate entirely on the project and completely to realise arisen idea, essentially having raised productivity. ArchiCAD will automatically prepare the necessary documentation, and it means that the project will be let out in time.

ArchiCAD – a software package providing working out of any architecturally-design decisions. In ArchiCAD it is possible to work simultaneously over creation of the project and to make the accompanying building documentation as the program stores the information on a projected building: plans, cuts, prospects, the list of necessary building materials, and also the remarks of the architect made in the course of work.

Modern program ArchiCAD – one of the best software for architecturally-building designing which realises unique technology of Building Information Modeling (BIM).



ArchiCAD extends in 25 languages in more than 80 countries. Worldwide with ArchiCAD daily work more than 100 000 architects. The first version of the program has appeared in 1984.

Let's consider features of CAD:
- technology of designing BIM – information modelling of buildings;
- preparation of drawings of plans, cuts, facades;
- preparation of specifications and budget tasks;
- collective work of architects on the project;
- preparation of presentation materials: facsimiles, video data, scenes of a virtual reality etc.

At any stage of work it is possible to see a projected building in a 3D-kind, in a cut, in the long term, to make an animation roller.

Let's consider features of the new version – ArchiCAD 13.

Ten thousand architects daily work with ArchiCAD, creating difficult and professional projects. For simplification of this work in ArchiCAD new powerful and convenient tools have been added. At all it the general organisation remains.

Users will notice at once that at ArchiCAD the new kind and some tools are united now in logic groups. For example, radial, angular, linear and other sizes take places in one button that, undoubtedly, simplifies work. ArchiCAD now supports technology Drag&Drop: objects can be “are drawn” directly in the project from the Conductor or dialogue Search; the file can be transferred to any appendix supporting technology Drag&Drop.

In the new version the mechanism of placing of the sizes is improved, and now the user sees, where the dimensional line and as it is located in relation to other elements of the project takes places. Thanks to it there is no necessity to cancel incorrectly put sizes: all changes are brought hurriedly.

In the course of designing ArchiCAD creates a universal general 3D-database (the Virtual building) where all information necessary for preparation of the documentation under the project is stored.

Let's consider the new functions realised in ArchiCAD 13:
- new generation technologies Teamwork;
- oriented views);
- annotated Schedule Drawings;
- more flexible of adjustment/display of Interactive Schedules;
- the expanded options of lists by means of calculation rules;
- direct editing of basic lines of Curtain Wall;
- the edited parametre Height of a hinged wall;
- objects remain in the project;
- modes of display of model for library elements;
- the improved functions automatic notation of the sizes for windows and doors;
- a symbol “soft” isolation;
- raster shadings can be used as shading of surfaces on drawings (for overlappings, zones, etc. elements);
- development gradient shadings;
- the user options for sides of Slab/Roof;
- the better (smoothed) display of borders of objects in 3D in mode OpenGL;
- a ruler;
- a dynamic command “Fit in Window” at navigation on model;
- the improved dialogue Find and Select;
- adjustment of borders of objects for Cuts/facades/interiors;
- export of several sheets of drawings to one file DWG;
- filtration DWG of elements on layers at opening of file ArchiCAD;
- the improved options on preservation of the user layers;
- preservation exploded drawing DWG in one layer;
- the complete set of standard metal profiles for colon/beams;
- an option the loaded/not loaded design for elements;
- borrowing of licences;
- support 64-bit under Windows.

Let's consider modelling:
- the improved work with objects (parametres of display of model, objects, stored in a project file)
- data exchange with engineers (parametre “it is loaded” for elements, standard metal profiles)
- the improved technology of editing of Curtain Wall (editing through an axial line, editing of height of an element)
- editing of sides of Slab/Roof (an angle of slope, a non-standard covering)

Let's consider documentation preparation:
- registration of drawings in cells of interactive catalogues (the associative sizes, the text etc.)
- clever “soft” isolation (plotting improvement of quality)
- the interface with DWG (more accurate import/export)
- the improved function automatic notation of the sizes (notation of the sizes for pure apertures)

Let's consider interaction with the program:
- ruler (more evident and simple plotting)
- orientation of kinds (more convenient work with the project)
- a dynamic command “Fit in Window” (the predetermined kinds)
- support 64-digit Windows (there are no physical restrictions, stabler work with the big projects)
- The focused kinds

It is necessary to notice that at any moment you can receive:
- floor plans;
- unlimited quantity of cuts and facades;
- drawings of architectural and constructive knots;
- lists and characteristics of materials;
- specifications of windows, designs, doors and the equipment;
- visualisation, animation and scenes of a virtual reality.

Let's consider means of collective work on the project.
Using unique function TeamWork, the command of architects can work in common over one project: 3D-model of a building. On a local network or Internet each architect receives a separate part of the project for study, traces a course of work of colleagues and makes the changes to the general project.

Let's consider export and import of the data.
ArchiCAD allows to hand over without any losses the design information in all popular formats: DXF, DWG (including external references Xrefs), DGN, IFC etc.

Besides, users ArchiCAD can accept the data from the most popular CAD: digital cards and 3D-models of district, drawings of engineering communications, blocks and the libraries of knots scanned and vectorized drawings.

Let's consider visualisation ArchiCAD.
Almost all elements ArchiCAD contain the 3D-information. Thanks to it you can “to live” in space of virtual architecture: to change and supplement building model, to move on it in real time. Tools of visualisation ArchiCAD allow the customer to see the project your eyes.

For increase of realness you can build in model a place photo where it is supposed to embody your plan, taking into account light exposure of model during the day, year and depending on a geographical position.

Let's consider documentation release.
The ideology of the Virtual building helps architects at the most labour-consuming stage: at drawing up of the design documentation. Thanks to that that ArchiCAD conducts the general database under the project, including both drawings, and specifications, at project documenting it is possible to avoid routine work. Specifications of windows and doors, lists of materials are created automatically and reflect a current condition of model of a building.

Convenient function in new versions ArchiCAD – the Navigator – allows to issue breadboard models of sheets, to make an album of drawings on an architectural construction. Thus on sheet it is possible to place the data not only from ArchiCAD, but also from other programs – tables from MS Excel, text documents from MS Word etc. And the uniform database under the project helps at modification: if you needed to move an aperture, to change a design of a wall or the roof form, these changes will be reflected in all sheets of accounting documents.

Let's consider ArchiCAD Star (T) Edition 2009.
ArchiCAD Star (T) Edition 2009 is a powerful tool of information modelling of buildings (BIM) and the simple decision in use, intended for small architectural firms. This unique combination of modern technologies and unexpectedly low price. It is the first step of the small companies to the licence software.

Let's consider functions ArchiCAD Start Edition 2009:
1. Support of multiprocessing systems allows to reach tremendous speed at work with 2D – and the 3D-information. And it in turn does more convenient work, raises productivity and simply protects nerves.
2. The 3D-documentation. Any 3D-kind it becomes easy a basis for the 3D-documentation which can be finished further: to put down the sizes, inscriptions, callout and even to draw those or other elements by means of 2D-tools. This function will help designers at work with customers, colleagues, accessory manufacturers, contractors and subcontractors.
3. Improvement of shadings. The updated functions of management by shadings and new types of shadings (transparent and raster) will help architects at formation of the working documentation.
4. Development of premises. Now development of premises are created automatically, and work with them very much reminds technology of work with cuts and facades. All changes brought in development of premises, are reflected in the general model – and on the contrary.
5. The built in functions of prototyping of drawings. It became very easy to operate documentation sheets. The design documentation quickly, it is effective and without errors it is created directly on model. As result, depending on a design stage to 80% of drawings for the documentation it is possible to receive at once from your working model.

Let's consider the basic possibilities ArchiCAD.
Program ArchiCAD from company Graphisoft offers the new approach to architectural designing: the architect is engaged in design of the project, and ArchiCAD automatically forms the documentation. At that time when you put up walls, place overlappings, build in windows and doors, construct a roof, the program creates a uniform database of 3D-model of a building.

Further you can take any information necessary for you from base: detailed drawings floor plans, cuts, facades, architectural and design drawings of knots and fragments, budget tasks, specifications of windows, doors and finishing materials, animation and scenes of a virtual reality. You are occupied by creativity, and ArchiCAD creates all documentation on the project, that is incurs boring and tiresome drawing work. The ideology of the Virtual Building will allow you at entering of any changes into the project not to lose neither integrity, nor urgencies of documents.

Let's consider universality of the tool of designing.
The virtual Building becomes uniform and universal language of dialogue. So, the architects participating in process of designing, by means of ArchiCAD easily and quickly get access to various sites of a building it it is not more difficult, than few times to click with the mouse. Representing the project to the customer, it is possible to show not only obscure to the nonspecialist drawings and boring specifications: together with the customer you pass on virtual rooms, estimate light exposure of the future premises during the various moments of time, think over an arrangement of rooms, furniture …
The main architect receives the information on a current condition of the project in an independent electronic format (it guaranteed can see this information, at all without having any systems CAD), displays changes which are necessary for bringing in the project, and transfers them to you for the further work.
Estimators receive from ArchiCAD various specifications, sheets, budget tasks. Designers – 3D-model and bearing designs for further strength calculations; engineers – constantly updated actual drawings floor plans, knots and building fragments in the set scale. For builders it is possible to work schedules of works, and further to transfer to a platform drawings and the videoclips displaying various stages of building or dismantle of a building. Even the department of advertising of your organisation can receive from ArchiCAD the necessary information – effective full color images of projects for registration of advertising catalogues.
All information starts with one source – Virtual Building, and, hence, it is always actual.

Let's consider package ArchiCAD.
Let's consider the concept of the Virtual Building (BIM).
All information on an architectural construction is stored in a uniform database. The changes brought in the project, are displayed in the accounting documentation: in plans of floors, cuts, facades, budget tasks, 3D-model and facsimiles.

Let's consider intellectual objects.
All objects and elements ArchiCAD (walls, overlappings, columns, beams, roofs, furniture and a 3D-grid) are intellectual: they “feel” objects surrounding them and conditions. So, for example, the window, is built in walls, trees which take places round the house, “feel” a surface of 3D-model and automatically type crossings define z-coordinate “wall-wall” “a wall-overlapping” are automatically cleaned, identical shadings merge. Thus objects can be placed in any kind convenient for you as on 2D-drawings of plans and cuts, and in 3D-space. Further this object will automatically be displayed on all documents. Besides, objects can influence geometry each other: for example, in a wall it is easy to make a niche (with the help boolean operations). All these technologies, certainly, will accelerate your work.
The most part of parametres of objects (overall dimensions, a covering material) are adjusted through dialogues of parametres. Other parametres can be adjusted graphically – for example, the corner of opening of a door can be set in a 3D-window, simply undertaken the door handle and having opened this door. All it became possible thanks to development of technology GDL (Geometric Description Language) which company Graphisoft develops since 1982. Parametres of GDL-objects can contain any information: the description for the specifications, a 2D-portrayal dependent on scale for display on floor plans, difficult parametrical 3D-model, base of standard standard sizes. Thus objects take not enough place on a computer hard disk – therefore one of the most popular ways of distribution of objects is Internet. Except standard parametres (a covering of surfaces, styles of display, overall dimensions), for objects it is possible to specify the data about the manufacturer, the price, possible variants of delivery: a word, everything that you will consider it necessary. Any information which is required to operational services, to designers, builders and other experts, is easily accessible from object parametres.
In library ArchiCAD it is included about 1000 parametrical objects: windows (usual, angular, mansard), doors, pieces of furniture, household appliances, figures of people, designs, transport models etc. Changing parametres of these objects, grouping them in typical sets, architects can start at once designing in ArchiCAD. Besides, in Internet are (in free and paid access) hundreds other objects.

Let's consider possibility to work directly in 3D:
Work in 3D. Display in three modes: frame model, with removal of invisible lines and pouring. In 3D all commands of editing existing and creations of new objects, changes of their parametres work. Project changes pass on all specific screens.
Navigation in 3D. You can look at a construction from any corner, pass on the future building, turn it, glance in rooms.
boolean operation.Aallow to create geometrically difficult objects.
Adjusted standards. Support of adjusted markers of cuts, knots/facades. Templates of projects allow to develop project institute standards for thickness of lines, types of lines, shadings, typical coverings, etc.
the Handles editing objects. By means of handles it is possible quickly outweigh a door, to change a position callout, to open a window.
Walls. In polygonal and trapezoidal walls it is possible to insert a window/door/aperture of any complexity. After placing of its wall it is easy to change or move.
Roofs. Function of automatic construction of a roof allows to construct roofs of any complexity. Under a roof it is possible to cut various elements ArchiCAD: walls, windows, doors, beams, objects etc. are automatically built in a roof dormer-windows with correct construction of end faces and prosharp apertures in a roof slope.
Hinged walls. The specialised tool Curtain Wall allows architects to project difficult frame designs. At the heart of such design the strict hierarchical structure consisting of the scheme cutting, physical designs and additional accessories – the user supervises and adjusts any trifle. As a whole the tool is extremely useful at creation of volume and the documentation on the project.

Let's consider instant visualisation at any stage of the project.
To avoid misunderstanding, the design of the project is important for working with the customer already on the earliest design stages. ArchiCAD offers powerful, but thus simple in use tools of visualisation and 3D-representation of the project: for creation of the realistic image it is not required to you neither special knowledge, nor additional programs. Light exposure is defined taking into account the chosen date and depends on a geographical position of projected object.
Making in real time walk on a virtual building, looking through facsimiles and outline sketches, the customer will see the project your eyes. If necessary you can prepare in advance animation and scenes of a virtual reality then to transfer to their customer by e-mail. The prepared files can be laid out also in a web-portfolio of your company. Function AlignView is very convenient, allowing to build in any fragment of the project a photo of street and to adhere virtual model of a building to real conditions.

But also, ArchiCAD allows to transfer 3D model practically in any professional system of visualisation.

Let's consider document circulation.
From virtual model of building ArchiCAD can automatically transfer to accessory manufacturers the updated drawings floor plans, cuts, facades. Simply specify, to whom what to transfer, – and all.

Let's consider documentation release.
Reduce time which you spend for documentation release! A virtual Building – the most effective tool of preparation of design documents and the document circulation organisation. To let out architectural drawings and files-tasks, there is no necessity to use the additional software, preparation and registration of the documentation became much easier. For example, all cuts/facades which the architect creates in the course of designing, are constantly updated; they are connected with model of a building and always contain the actual information. After modification of the project budget tasks, specifications and sheets are automatically updated, and the new version allows to change directly from dynamic specifications even the project.

Let's consider technology of teamwork.
Using technology Teamwork based on ideology of the Virtual Building, the command of architects can distribute with ease among themselves sites of works under the project through a local network or Internet.
Simple and convenient technology TeamWork is ideally suited for projects of any size. All documentation of the project is stored in the uniform file containing architectural objects. Thus the changes brought by architects for the certain period, ArchiCAD automatically transfers in a project file.

When duties under the project are distributed, any of participants of a command easily enters into work, defining the working space by means of floors, layers and accurately limited area. Further the working space is allocated in a separate file which is stored on the computer of the architect. Such scheme allows to work irrespective of a local network. At any time the architect can transfer in the basic file (on a network or by means of the modem) changes of the site of the project, preliminary having coordinated them with the main architect. So simply to receive changes from other architects.

Let's consider that the new has appeared in ArchiCAD 12.
New version ArchiCAD, undoubtedly, will strengthen in the lead positions of the program as fullest and flexible tool for Building Information Modeling (BIM). At creation of the new version developers traditionally gave the basic attention to three directions: speeds of work, to perfection of simulars and improvement of quality of the let out documentation.

Let's consider speed of work of the program which has raised in connection with support of multiprocessing systems.
For work with new version ArchiCAD 12 it is possible to recommend multiprocessing computers – you really receive a notable gain of productivity. Speed of navigation (increases both at work with 2D the documentation, and at work in 3D a window) and speed of generation of kinds from 3D models, for example, at generation of cuts with the miscalculation of shades. And, certainly, the general speed of work of the program increases – to work in the new version much more comfortably and more conveniently.

Let's consider perfection of tools of modelling.
Hinged walls
The new tool included in ArchiCAD 12, opens new possibilities on designing and documenting of difficult frame designs. The tool Hinged walls is based on the newest technology ArchiCAD – “System Technology” – which it will be used further at designing of compound systems. The technology essence consists that the projected design is represented in the form of hierarchical structure – in this case schemes of cutting to a design, components and additional accessories, and the user can easily supervise and change any part of a wall, detailing and developing all project as a whole.

Structure Display
Allows users to work with complex composite structures of walls and overlappings with possibility of fast display only a bearing part of a design.

Management of external modules (Hotlink)
The tool on work with external modules has had the further development – now dialogue displays all hierarchy of the enclosed modules and recursively updates files from the bottom investment to the current project. As a result, working with external modules, the user essentially reduces the size of a file and increases speed of updating/change of the data – that especially important at work with the big projects.

Development StairMaker
The tool on modelling of ladders StairMaker in ArchiCAD 12 has undergone some changes: in program options there was a large quantity of parametres which will allow users to supervise adjustment of a symbol of a ladder on the floor plan. Now there is no necessity to finish 2D drawing – adjustment as much as possible approach ladder display under region standards. Besides, there were 4 new types of ladders.

Let's consider quality of the let out documentation.
3D the documentation
The newest technologies put in ArchiCAD 12, allow to use any 3D a kind of model as the documentation – on it it is possible to put down the sizes, the summary and even ready 2D knots. This function undoubtedly will help designers with dialogue with customers, builders, contractors – after all 3D the image more informative, than 2D the drawing. This new level of dialogue will reduce time of coordination, will reduce number of errors at building, and, hence, will reduce cost and building term.

Shadings
In ArchiCAD 12 the new technology of work with shadings is entered, and shadings had new properties – a semitransparency of continuous shadings, raster shadings and a semitransparency gradient shadings. Thanks to it architects directly in the environment of ArchiCAD can prepare the presentation documentation for tenders and clients.

Moving of objects
The fastest way of moving of objects – to use new function Moving (Nudge): choose one or several objects and by means of a combination of keys Shift + the marksman (Left/Right/Up/Down) move objects. This function is accessible and in 3D a window – objects move in a horizontal plane. In one other appendix this is not realised extremely useful for 3D a kind function.

Alignment and distribution
Having chosen objects in 2D or 3D a kind, users can level and distribute them on any way or in advance certain template – it is very convenient at placing of repeating elements. This simple function raises speed of designing and documentation registration.

Support of format DWG
In the new version the new mechanism is realised, allowing to convert solid-state objects AutoCAD® (3D Solids), regions and bodies is direct in GDL objects. And thanks to function on attribute purge at preservation of files ArchiCAD those attributes which are really used in the project are exported to format DWG only.

The New principle of placing of the sizes
In new version ArchiCAD the mechanism of placing of the sizes has been improved, and now the user sees, where the dimensional line and as it is located in relation to other elements of the project takes places. Thanks to it there is no necessity to cancel incorrectly put sizes: all changes are brought hurriedly.


More detailed description of software product ArchiCAD on its official web-site [2].


Sources:
1. ArchiCAD [http://www.iesoft.ru/productdir/stroit/archicad]
2. ArchiCAD [http://www.archicad.ru]

The author: Челябэнергопроект
Date: 03/23/2010

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