One of auxiliary, but objectively necessary tools for performance of design works is the graphic tablet or interactive the pen display. Thanks to a split-hair accuracy, reliability, efficiency and ergonomics high-class professionals have made for a long time already the choice in advantage pen company Wacom input equipment.
Daily professional work of experts of industrial design and designers frequently has not so much in common with creativity which opens in all magnificence only, perhaps, at a stage of generation of idea, conceptual study of a new product, sketching. Further basic in aspiration to receive a qualitative and competitive product on an exit there is an exact calculation and meticulously study of drawings of details and knots.
Undoubtedly, modern specialised graphic CAD allow to create sketches, breadboard models and models of products from the most different areas of economy and the industry, including hi-tech, high technology products. However there is a question of speed and convenience of work, quantity of spent resources (time and human) and qualities of result. With confidence it is possible to tell that in a century of total automation of working processes these parametres depend not only on professionalism of engineers, designers and industrial designers, but also from efficiency applied software and the equipment.
One of ways to reduce a designing cycle in CAD is use in work of typical fragments of the drawing from earlier created database. But by working out of unique, not typical drawings such method is impractical both development of systems of designing and optimisation of working process can go by the way of perfection of hardware-software means of input.
At work behind the computer some monitors when the designer works behind one of screens can be used, and on others updating occurs automatically or when on one screen the result of work of the expert is displayed, and on another all panels of tools graphic CAD are deduced.
One of auxiliary, but objectively necessary tools for the industrial designer is the graphic tablet or interactive the pen display consisting of a working surface and an electronic input equipment (a feather or the mouse), providing, first of all, convenient and fast navigation on tabs and in the appendix in which you work, and also ergonomics of working space.
Let's consider a choice of an input equipment for performance of design works.
Thanks to a split-hair accuracy, reliability, efficiency and ergonomics high-class professionals have made for a long time already the choice in advantage pen company Wacom input equipment – the recognised world leader on manufacture of graphic tablets and interactive pen displays. For them “Ваком” already became a common noun.
But process of acquisition of a tablet by a choice of the manufacturer does not come to an end. At enough wide ruler of professional equipment Wacom – graphic tablets of series Intuos of 4 and interactive displays Cintiq and PL, you will rise before a choice of a format, possibilities, additional accessories for work in CAD/CAM/САЕ systems and 2D/3D graphic applications. Undoubtedly, the disorder of the prices of products Wacom is great enough. Therefore let's understand available models, and the choice remains for you.
Let's consider graphic tablets Wacom Intuos4.
In a lineup of professional ruler Wacom for application in industrial design 4 graphic tablets Wacom Intous4 and 7 input equipment are presented: feathers and specialised computer mice.
Distinctions of a professional number of graphic tablets Wacom are reduced to a difference of forms-factors – from A6 Wide to A3 Wide, and small difference on completeness. The choice from 4 models (Intuos4 S, Intuos4 M, Intuos4 L, Intuos4 XL) is reduced to ergonomics of a concrete workplace and definition of carried out problems: whether it be the mobile tablet convenient for resocks with the laptop or a tablet for a stationary workplace; whether the workplace by the large-format display or c a parity of the parties – 4:3 is equipped; whether the expert on one monitor works or divides processes of creation of this or that model into work with several monitors.
Let's consider graphic tablets specially for the industrial designer
Optimum choice for use in CAD/CAM/САЕ appendices are graphic tablets Intuos4 L (the size of a working surface ~A4 wide) and Intuos4 XL (the size of a working surface ~A3 wide) complete with mouse Intuos4 Lens Cursor. The big format of a working surface allows to divide conveniently without decrease in quality of result a tablet into 2 independent parts at work with several monitors, on each of which it is possible to work in a consequence, without switching the attention to an additional input equipment (among auxiliary keys of tablet ExpressKeys there is for these purposes key Display Toggle switching work of the cursor or for work with the monitor And, or for work with the monitor In, or for work with two monitors simultaneously when one of them is continuation of the second). And wireless and not using batteries and a ball mouse Intuos3 Lens Cursor thanks to a positioning target will allow to remove precisely central points from paper drawings and to translate the drawing from a paper kind in the vector. The turning target will allow to work as both hands as to right-handed persons and lefthanders. Thanking its high permission of 5.080 lines to inch and accuracy of positioning + / – 0.15 mm it much more surpasses the majority of computer mice in accuracy and will be the effective assistant at work with CAD appendices.
All models of tablets Intuos4 it is developed in format Wide with proportions of the parties of a working surface 16:10 and are convenient for work with large-format displays by which in the modern world many desktop workstations, but also laptops are equipped any more only.
Some designers can have some difficulties at work on graphic tablets wide, having thus the monitor with traditional proportions 4:3. At work with two and more monitors or on not the large-format monitor it is required to include in the tablet driver function observance of proportions that leads to program reduction of a working surface of a tablet. Without inclusion of function of observance of proportions the circle drawn on a large-format tablet, will look on the monitor with proportions 4:3 an oval.
Let's consider interactive pen displays Cintiq and PL
For optimum coordination of a hand and eyes and work with graphic applications at more intuitive level Wacom offers 2 models interactive pen displays Cintiq with a working surface in 21 both 12 inches, and 3 models of displays of a PL-series, with a working surface in 15.17 and 19 inches on which the designer can work in graphic applications as an electronic feather directly on the screen. Cintiq21 it is equipped also by a support, allowing to rotate the display on 360 degrees (in lying position) and to incline it on 10-60 degrees).
Let's consider ergonomics at use of an input equipment at performance of design works.
The active area of all tablets Intuos4 ideally models a standard sheet. And the ergonomic design approaching both for right-handed persons, and for lefthanders, and lungs, input equipment Wacom without wires and batteries effectively reduces pressure and weariness at long work in graphic applications that allows not only to raise labour productivity, but also to get rid of professional illnesses of industrial designers, such as a tunnel syndrome of a wrist when because of constant, monotonous, repeating, long movements by brushes and fingers of hands, and long concentration on details for the maximum accuracy of construction, there is an inflammation of an anatomic tunnel through which there pass the nerves, causing pains and a shiver in fingers.
Let's consider auxiliary features for performance of design works.
Except a working surface and an input equipment about which variety we will tell hardly more low, in tablets Wacom Intuos4 keys ExpressKeys are developed, touch rings Touch Ring (in tablets Intuos4) and touch strips TouchStrip (in displays Cintiq), allowing the user considerably to accelerate work with the majority of appendices and on max to refuse the keyboard, using a tablet as the basic tool on a desktop.
The majority of designers and engineers use a graphic tablet together with the usual keyboard as in many appendices it is easier to get access to any function by means of a combination of keys – for example, having pressed “CTRL-C” for copying of objects in the buffer of an exchange or “CTRL-Z” for cancellation of last action.
By means of keys Express Keys users of a tablet can get direct access to such functions, as “to cut out” “to copy” “to insert” “to cancel” to be switched between screens etc. without constant moving of a hand from a tablet to the keyboard.
Combinations of keys are in advance set for the majority of popular appendices, but they also can be appointed independently.
Touch rings Touch Ring (in tablets Intuos4) or strips Touch Strip (in displays Cintiq) allow the user to operate a tablet by means of fingers, just as on touch panels of laptops. Features touch elements allows your fingers to slide upwards and downwards or on a circle, regulating scale at processing of images in such appendices as Adobe Photoshop, rotating a canvas, changing the size of a brush or moving on a time scale in animation programs, such as Macromedia Flash and many other things.
Let's consider an input equipment used at performance of design works.
There is no one input equipment which would be ideally suited for use in all appendices at performance of design works. But the general properties at professional tools of input Wacom that all of them can be used with any tablet of one generation and are supplied by identifier Tool ID thanks to which each of devices can be programmed and configured individually for any appendix. And these functions will be automatically activated at program start in which the digital artist works.
Among tools of input at Wacom the assortment of feathers and mice is presented.
All professional feathers Wacom distinguish an angle of slope to 60 degrees that is very important, for example, for modelling of work with a brush, and also are equipped eraser from the return party from a tip (as in a usual pencil), programmed both configured and so sensitive to pressure and an angle of slope, as well as a feather.
Wacom offers 5 various feathers for work with graphic tablets Intuos4 and as much for work with interactive pen displays Cintiq.
We suggest you to familiarise with a ruler of professional feathers for Intuos4 which as a matter of fact differ from a ruler of feathers for Сintiq only quantity of distinguished degrees of pressing – feathers Intuos4 them 2048, and at Cintiq – 1024.
Feather Intuos4 Grip Pen is a professional manual tool and a standard feather for tablet system Intuos4. It is supplied by the narrowed rubber area of the capture, allowing to lower force of capture to 40%, reducing weariness and pressure of a hand by the letter.
The feather tip distinguishes 2048 levels of pressure that provides high sensitivity for plotting, a writing, drawing, dragging and click. The lowered level of pressure of activation provides possibility to work more ergonomically and relaxed, and the increased sensitivity will allow to draw vignettes on the screen without transitions between levels. The programmed bilaterial switch of feather Grip Pen can be adjusted separately for each appendix – from performance of functions of buttons of the program before performance of functions of combinations of keys, a call of emerging menus etc. For the maximum nearness to natural sensations at work with digital tools, complete with feather Intuos Grip Pen additional tips Stroke Pen and Felt Pen, a simulating brush and a felt-tip pen are delivered.
Except standard feather Intuos4 Grip Pen the professional can get more thin feather Intuos4 Classic Pen or feather Intuos4 Ink Pen in which instead of a plastic tip the ink ball tip of black colour is established that allows to put a sheet of paper on your tablet, and then to write, draw on a sheet of paper, without looking at the monitor, and all your marks will be displayed on the monitor screen.
But the most popular after standard feather Grip Pen is device Intuos4 Airbrush – the ideal tool for all who is engaged in creation, editing and retouching of digital images. Realistic modelling of drawing of ink and dispersion radius, and also sensitivity to an angle of slope allow to come nearer to original work with a paint spray on the screen. The simple castor in use offers 1024 divisions and when you release it, it, unlike usual sprays, remains in the same position, guaranteeing that imposing of digital ink remains invariable.
As there is feather Art Pen, capable to work in six measurements: an axis X (the right is left also), axis Y (upwards and downwards), Pressure (force of pressing), the Corner (a corner under which the feather is located to a tablet surface), the Inclination (a direction in which the corner) and Rotation (position of a feather concerning the vertically axes is formed).
For work with CADCAM appendices and 2D/3D mouse Intuos4 Lens Cursor is graphic programs in in assortment Wacom wireless and not using batteries and a ball. The given mouse thanks to a positioning target allows to remove precisely central points from paper drawings and to translate the drawing from a paper kind in the vector.
The turning target allows to work comfortably both to right-handed persons and lefthanders. Thanking its high permission of 5.080 lines to inch of accuracy of positioning + / – 0.15 mm it much more surpasses the majority of computer mice in accuracy and will be the effective assistant at work with CAD appendices.
The considered models of professional graphic tablets and input equipment Wacom open all variety of possibilities of modern high technologies for optimisation of work of industrial designers in media business and is directed on granting to the future user of the choice caused by specificity of work, habits and the budget.
Let's consider ZScanner 600 which does technology of reception of the 3D-data with the high permission accessible to a wide range of engineers.
Company Consistent Software Distribution (CSD), conducting value-added the distributor in market CAD And Geographic Information Systems, and company Z Corporation inform on the beginning of sales of the portable laser 3D-scanner most accessible in the world, providing reception of 3D-given with the high permission and an expanding circle of users thanks to the comprehensible price.
ZScanner 600 became the next device in quickly growing family of unique manual self-positioned scanners from Z Corporation, more portable and simple in work, than usual 3D-scanners. Scanners Z Corporation accelerate data acquisition for reversive designing, working out of production, preservation of a cultural heritage and other scopes.
Let's consider advantages of the 3D-mouse-manipulator which represents the device of 3D-positioning with joystick for work in systems of 3D-designing or in the appendices demanding the control over moving of objects in 3D-space.
When we projected in 2D-space AutoCAD, with positioning all was simple: two directions for placing of the drawing and a castor of the mouse for approach/removal. When has decided to master 3D-CAD literally at once has faced a question: “How to turn 3D-model and to place components of assemblages by means of the mouse which moves all in two planes?” in process of development of the appendix we have faced such functions as a 3D-orbit, the Kind on object, to Show chosen, and other tools for work with 3D-models, then – c a set “hot” keys for positioning... But the feeling that can be somehow in another way, has not disappeared. After a while we have got acquainted with 3D-mouse SpaceMouse Classic (now it any more is not issued). The idea of performance of actions of movement of model a free hand from the mouse has suited to my to taste. However, at first to cope it turned out not so well: The model that departed for screen edge, “crookedly” turned, but in 15 minutes she behaved as silk. Now cunningly that if at designing under the left hand I do not have habitual 3D-mouse to work begins uncomfortable. Moreover, work as two hands very much saves time. In this article we will try to tell in detail that such 3D-mice and as they simplify work of the person working with 3D.
The 3D-mouse is a manipulator which represents the device of 3D-positioning with joystick for work in systems of 3D-designing or in the appendices demanding the control over moving of objects in 3D-space. The manipulator is established on other party of the keyboard from the mouse. Thus, while the right hand carries out operations by means of the usual mouse, left can make manipulations with the 3D-mouse. Certainly, this algorithm of work is supposed for right-handed persons, for lefthanders of a hand are interchanged the position.
|Position of hands at simultaneous use of the mouse and the manipulator|
To whom are 3D-mice necessary? This question to answer simply – to all who uses 3D-appendices. The list of some of scopes and programs is resulted in the table.
The table of the Scope and the appendix for 3D-mice
||AutoCAD Map 3D|
AutoCAD Civil 3D
||Autodesk 3ds Max|
Autodesk 3ds Max Design
3D-mice support work more than in 120 appendices of such operating systems, as Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, UNIX. Tendencies of use of 3D-mice Lately were outlined in the game industry.
Use of 3D-mice allows to carry out many operations in parallel (for example, turn of model by the 3D-manipulator and a choice of the tool of designing by the 2D-mouse) that considerably saves time. On the resulted scheme working process with the 3D-manipulator and without it is shown.
|The scheme of economy of time at work only with the 2D-mouse (above) and at simultaneous work with the 3D-manipulator (below)|
3D-mouse basic element – the controller of movement which in all models has an identical principle of action. Six degrees of freedom (three linear and three angular) provide moving and model rotation to all directions. Thus it is possible to disconnect freedom degrees, to invert axes, to interchange the position of functions to Approach/remove and Upwards/downwards. Speed of moving/rotation depends on the effort applied on the controller of movement. Sensitivity to effort is adjusted through the adjustment panel.
Models SpaceNavigator for Notebooks and SpaceNavigator are supplied by two buttons which can be appointed a call of two different functions of the appendix or a necessary combination of keys (for example, ALT+TAB). Besides if the appendix has various working environments for each of them it is possible to appoint two individual tools. So, at work in the environment the Sketch of program Autodesk Inventor can be appointed such tools as the Circle and the Piece, and at work in the environment Assemblage – to Insert a component and Dependences. Thus to renominate functions it is very simple: to open the adjustment Panel enough, to choose a category, and then to move a necessary command to area of a corresponding key.
|The appointment procedure “hot” keys on the 3D-mouse|
In such models as SpaceExplorer and SpacePilot, it is much more keys.
|Groups of keys on models SpaceExplorer (at the left) and SpacePilot (on the right)|
On devices they are distributed on groups:
1) keys-“modifiers” ESC, SHIFT, CTRL and ALT, working the same as keys corresponding to them on the keyboard;
2) group of keys Top, Right, Left and Front, providing access to traditional projections (the front view, on the right, at the left, from above) 3D-model. At work in a 3D-mode probably inclusion of a mode 2D for fast moving, increase or reduction of projections;
3) key Fit (to Show all) increases 3D-model so that it it was completely displayed in a graphic window;
4) key Panel causes the adjustment panel through which reassignment of functions and device adjustment is made;
5) keys “+” and “-” regulate sensitivity of the controller of movement to effort;
6) two adjusted keys which can be appointed two various tools of the appendix;
7) key Dom includes/disconnects function of moving of model at a time only in one axis;
8) six programmed buttons;
9) the Zhk-display on which names of the tools appropriated programmed buttons are deduced;
11) key Config, allowing to change sets of six programmed buttons.
For example, at work in the environment Assemblage in “Set-1” such tools can enter how to Insert a component, Dependences to Copy etc., and in “Set-2” in the same environment – the File, Mirror components etc. The quantity of formed sets is not limited (at me the patience has sufficed to create 300, hardly someone can be necessary more). For those who are uncomfortable to the default command keys, numbered 1-3, provides the possibility to change (for example, a set of “Assembly 300” there are 15 unique tools).
|Appointment to keys of unique commands|
Let's illustrate advantage which gives 3D-mouse application at performance of a small problem in three various CAD-APPENDICES.
|Schedules “run” and designing time. The top scale – the 2D-mouse, bottom – the 3D-mouse|
As appears from schedules, designing time was reduced to 37%, and “run” mice – on 47%.
Those who works in 3D-appendices, know that time plays a main role at project performance, and 3D-manipulators allow to save up this time.
Let's consider the most technological mouse.
|The most technological mouse for today – SpacePilot PRO|
The most technological mouse for today – SpacePilot PRO. This model deserves detailed consideration. From the predecessor – models SpacePilot – she has inherited all the best and, besides, has found many new possibilities. Here upon them also we will dwell.
The model has the gauge of the second position which can distinguish a deviation on 4 microns (about 1/25 thickness of human hair). It, naturally, allows to position the mouse as much as possible precisely.
Buttons on the device became more and many of them possess two functions – depending on what pressing was made, long or short. For example, short pressing of the button of turn 90 degrees will turn model on hour, and long – counter-clockwise.
Thanking these functions of standard kinds became much more. Now the model can be considered in front/behind, from above/from below, at the left/on the right, in two isometric kinds, and also rotating on and counter-clockwise.
Function keys, as a matter of fact, became 10: each of 5 keys has on two functions, caused by short or long pressing of a key.
But more all attracts attention the big colour display. Now on it it is possible not only to read names of the tools appointed to function keys, but also to see mail, a calendar and problems Outlook, and also to esteem RSS.
In general, the new mouse has wider useful feature and is worthy to be the true companion of the expert performing design works in 3D.
1. Effective toolkit for industrial design. – 2009 [http://archi.ru/tech/ne ws_20487.html]
2. CSD and Z Corporation represent the portable laser 3D-scanner most accessible in the world. – 2009 [http://archi.ru/tech/ne ws_19237.html]
3. To 3D-spaces – 3D-mice. – 2009 [http://archi.ru/tech/ne ws_20175.html]
The author: Челябэнергопроект
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